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Red Devil Cichlid: Care and Breeding

red devil cichlid

A Convict Red Devil Cichlid which I bought from Mathsya Mela 2011.

Red Devil Cichlids, which has a scientific name of Amphilophus labiatus, come from Central America. They grow up to 10-12 inches and are typically an aggressive fish. Male Red Devil fish are larger than the females and they develop a hump on their forehead, with sharper, more pointed anal and pelvic fins

Since Red Devil fish are known for aggressive behavior, it is advisable to keep it alone in the tank, or choose an appropriate tank mates. They are territorial so a big tank like 55-gallon aquarium should be enough for one Red Devil fish, and bigger tank if keeping more than one. It is important to put hiding spots like plants and driftwood. Red Devil fish tend to jump, so put a cover on the tank. They are hardy fish but a water pH of 7.08.0 and temperature of 76-82°F would be suitable for them.

Red Devil fish would eat pellets, flakes, live food such as bloodworms, shrimp, brine shrimp, insects, and earthworms.

Breeding Red Devil fish is difficult. They are monogamous, that means a male Red Devil fish would only take one female Red Devil fish as his partner.  The female lays eggs on a flat surface such as rocks, logs, or breeding dish. The male will then fertilize the eggs and protect them. Red Devil fish protect their eggs and young fries so do not separate them.

I had two Red Devil fish but one jump out of the tank when I forgot to put the cover. My lone Red Devil which I have been keeping for several months had already killed two African Cichlid and injured a Severum and a Parrot fish. However, my Red Devil didn’t harm my other two Parrot fish and three Gouramis when he was sharing the tank with them since I bought him until a month ago. I decided to remove him from the tank where the Parrot fish and Gouramis are so that I can put back the other Parrot fish which he attacked. Right now, my Red Devil fish is living with several African Cichlids.